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You can go from 45 º C in summer to -55 ° C in winter
The rural Mongolia (located between the regions of East Asia and Central Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south) is a furnace in summer and in winter an industrial freezer. In rural Mongolia no half measures, at least as far as temperature is concerned, it has the widest temperature range of the world: from the scorching summer 45 º C to -55 º C freezing winter.
So much so, that even the Mongols who live in a household are forced to move to a ger in the winter, because they are much more welcoming. Now suppose you might be wondering what the heck is a ger.
Many people believe that the traditional residence of the Mongolian yurt is called, but that’s an unforgivable mistake. Yurt is a Turkish word meaning “homeland”. The habitat of the Mongolian ger is called, which means “home” in Mongolian.
The ger have circular walls, built a network of willow branches, together with leather straps and covered with a vaulted ceiling and flexible thin sticks. Protects the entire structure, moreover, tarpaulins, which can be assembled or disassembled in less than one hour. This canvas is what makes the ger in a place so warm. And the aerodynamic shape of the structure prevents the ger fly off because of high winds steppe.
In the center stands a furnace ger wood or dung, and the smoke escapes through the center hole in the ceiling.
The first ger of archaeological on record dating back to the twelfth century, but the chronicles of ancient travelers like Herodotus, suggested in the Mongolian steppes were built like structures gers from at least 2,500 years.
If the Mongols take 2500 years building his house in the same way, in essence, it will be because the gers are really effective in these crazy weather.
Until the army of Genghis Khan lived in similar structures, and Kan managed the Mongol Empire from a huge ger, they called gerlug. This ger also mobile era, such as a motorhome: was mounted on a truck pulling 22 oxen.
So learn to correctly referring back to the typical houses of the Mongols, because they are very special homes for them, because they survive extreme weather changes and, above all, because to call yurt is a serious offense, as explained in John Lloyd The new great little book of ignorance:
The word yurt matches and proceeds from Russian yurt, a derogatory term for shanty towns huts. The Russians adopted the Turkic languages, where its original meaning was “market that leaves a tent on the ground.” The Mongolian belongs to a totally different family than Turkish or Russian, and Mongolian culture is all built around the ger. To say that their beloved home is a yurt is like saying that an English lord lives in a chateau or ein Schloss, and not his castle.